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Descriptive statistics – grand percentage and mean were used to identify common determinants of effective and ineffective supervision in schools. The inferential statistics, spearman rho and z-test, were used at level of significance. Collection of Data Each subject was scored on File Size: 64KB. schools in the 2nd congressional district of Cagayan Province, Philippines. Specifically, this study attempted to achieve the following objectives: (1) compare the factors of school effectiveness of the private and public elementary schools in terms of the seven correlates of effective schools; (2) determine. Keywords: public expenditure, efficiency, input, output, outcomes JEL Classification: H0, D61, G14 1. Efficiency in the public sector versus private sector efficiency In general sense, the efficiency can be achieved under the conditions of maximizing the results of an action in relation to the resources used, and it is calculated by. from others. In this paper I suggest to measure characteristics of perfect school principal the nine letters of the word “principal” comprises. P- Plans school activities and provides guidelines- “Planning is defined as a process of setting objectives and determining what should be done to achieve them. It is a decision-making activity.
efficiency does not stand for high effectiveness (Lapsley, ). A measure of effectiveness assesses the ability of an organization to attain its pre-determined goals and objectives. Effectiveness is the extent to which the policy objectives of an organization are achieved (Achabal, ; Asmild et al., ). Efficiency is the relationship between input and output. We can speak of the efficiency of a motor, of an employee or of an organization. We can speak of greater or less efficiency. Clearly, many governmental issues have little to do with efficiency. Politicians and public administrators, especially at higher levels, are not always seeking the lowest cost or the maximum efficiency in their. Page 2 of 6 Evaluation Terminology Goal – What you hope to achieve or accomplish Objective – Specific and measurable steps to accomplishing goals Output – Measurable result of a program activity Outcome – What changed or was gained as a result of a program activity Indicator – Used to monitor progress in achieving outcomes and impact Benchmark – Standards by which project success. Performance Audit Objectives Examples.
places the emphasis on managerial efficiency rather than the aims and purposes of education (Newman and Clarke, ; Gunter, ). ‘Man-agement possesses no super-ordinate goals or values of its own. The pursuit of efficiency may be the mission statement of management – but this is efficiency in the achievement of objectives which others. Identifying effective and ineffective schools is a dominant issue in education in light of the increasing concern for achievement and accountability. Educators involved in school improvement projects face the dilemma of choosing from a variety of methods for measuring school effectiveness. The primary purpose of this paper is to describe for teachers and principals the methods and issues. and the knowledge to make the institution achieve the stated objectives efficiently. 2. Literature Review Efficiency is doing things rightly, that is, using minimum inputs to achieve maximum outputs. The principals of both public and private secondary schools have to use the limited resources to achieve maximum productivity. Explain the meaning of Educational Administration Enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of infrastructure Planning: is the process of setting objectives and determining the actions in order to achieve them. Planning is anticipatory in nature and sets priorities. It is proactive rather than passive.